The volume of the cylinder is calculated by using the product of the area of its base by its height. As the base is a cylinder and the formula of its area is `A=pi xx r^2`, all we have to do is to get this number and multiply it by the height of the cylinder. Thus, its volume can be obtained by using the formula `V = pi xx r^2 xx h`. Calculating the volume of the cone is very similar but the final result must be divided by 3. Therefore, the volume of a cone is `V = (pi xx r^2 xx h) : 3`. So, we can take a logical conclusion: “the volume of a cone means the third part of the volume of a cylinder having the same base and the same height”. We can also say that “the volume of a cylinder is the triple of the volume of a cone having the same base and the same height”.

## Can different solids have the same volume?

The volume of a body (three-dimensional object) is connected with the capacity that object has to store something like water, air, sand or any other substance. Thus, it seems quite obvious that two solids do not need to be equal (have the same measures) to have the same volume. I can easily build two cardboard boxes having the same shape of a parallelepiped. In spite of having different measures, they have the same volume.

## And concerning the volume of the truncated cone, how is it calculated?

Before giving you the formula, I will start by explaining that a truncated cone is the solid that you obtain when you cut a cone according to a plane parallel to the base, and you forget about the small cone that is formed after that cut. In order to be able to calculate its volume, you will need four measures: the radius of the biggest base (R), the radius of the smallest base (r), the height of the truncated cone (h), the generatrix of the truncated cone (g). After having obtained all these measures you employ the following formula: `V = pi xx h xx (R^2 + R xx r + r^2) : 3`.

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